Within the last few decades, many people have tried different types of medicine, whether be it herbal or pharmaceutical. In order to prevent or heal sickness, they have used medicines. When someone feels uneasy or sick, one can easily go to a pharmacy or find an alternative traditional herbal medicine. Today, scientists continue to find evidence to prove which can be more effective. When we are experiencing stomach problems, there are many available herbal medicine such as peppermint, chamomile, lemongrass, ginger, etc., (Goodall) and over-the-counter drugs like acetaminophen (Aspirin Free Anacin, Liquiprin, Panadol, Tylenol), antacids (Tums, Maalox, Rolaids and Mylanta) ,etc., which we can easily have access to relieve the pain faster and/or for it to be completely gone (WebMD Medical Reference, 2016). In our study, we will assimilate two types of medicine with the same function wherein the two act as an acid neutralizer to break up gas bubbles in the stomach. For pharmaceutical drug, the researchers will use a commercial brand of antacid that relieves the symptoms of indigestion. For herbal medicine, we will use Lemongrass (Cymbopogon). This research will focus on comparing Lemongrass tea and a leading antacid, through experimenting by comparison of its composition and properties. Aside from that, our study will also show if there would be a great difference between the two types of medicine in terms of which can be more potent and functional. The advantages and disadvantages of each will also be briefly discussed. Today, many use both herbal and pharmaceutical medicines. Between lemongrass, a herbal medicine, and an antacid, a pharmaceutical medicine, which one of these works better and safer? Which of these two is more effective in treating stomach aches? By testing which neutralizes the acid better, the one with the most active ingredient will be the most effective. Background of the StudyPharmaceutical Medicine Pharmaceutical medicines are very easy to be obtained today. Most of the time, you don’t need a prescription from a doctor, you can easily buy it in a drugstore. But many are afraid of its side effects, especially if not taken at right time. According to the World Health Organization, it can develop and lead into antimicrobial resistance wherein a microorganism has the ability to stop an antimicrobial (such as antibiotics, antivirals, and antimalarial) which leads to no effect whatever medicine you take in. Nevertheless, pharmaceutical medicine has done so much and is still being developed to aid cure. AntacidWhen experiencing stomach problems, one can lessen the pain by taking in an antacid, a pharmaceutical drug. Antacids are a group (class) of medicines which help to neutralize the acid content of your stomach. They are non-prescription medicine which includes aluminum hydroxide, magnesium carbonate, and magnesium trisilicate. These come in various brand names and are available as tablets and liquids(Kenny, 2014). In this research, we will use a leading antacid and compare it with Lemongrass for which they have the same function.Herbal MedicineMany still prefer using the traditional way of curing or in treating illnesses. According to Robinson and Zhang (2011), traditional medicines, including herbal medicines, have been, and continue to be, used in every country around the world in some capacity. In much of the developing world, 70–95% of the population relies on these traditional medicines for primary care. Surely, we can say that traditional or herbal medicines are still being used today. Traditional herbal medicines are naturally occurring; plant-derived substances with minimal or no industrial processing that have been used to treat illness within local or regional healing practices. Traditional herbal medicines are getting significant attention in global health debates (Tilburt & Kaptchuk). Because of modern medicine’s short of new treatments, scientists are still searching and discovering new sources to prevent and heal a sickness. Traditional medicine continuously affects and gives a big impact on healthcare. WHO (World Health Organization) continues to monitor the status of traditional medicines around the world through regular surveys and other data gathering activities. LemongrassLemongrass (Cymbopogon), is a perennial plant with thin, long leaves that are indigenous to many Asian countries. It is commonly known as “Tanglad”. According to Medical Health Guide, this herb is known to treat different conditions which include stomach problems. The leaves, stems, and bulb of lemongrass are used in various treatments. It has many beneficial medicinal properties including analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, antipyretic, antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal, diuretic, insecticidal, sedative, and anti-cancer properties. According to Deshpande, certain properties of lemongrass help in fighting the infections caused by various pathogens. Statement of the ProblemThe production of chemically synthesized drugs has revolutionized over the past years. However, many are still dependent on herbal medicine for primary care.In this study, the researchers will assimilate one herbal medicine and one pharmaceutical medicine with the same function wherein the two act as an acid neutralizer to break up gas bubbles in the stomach. Which will be more effective in treating stomach aches, Lemongrass tea or the commercial brand of antacid?1.4 Objectives of the StudyThe overall objectives are to assess a herbal medicine and a pharmaceutical medicine.General Objective:This study aims to compare Lemongrass, a herbal medicine, and an antacid, to find out which is more effective in treating stomachaches.Specific Objectives: (1) To differentiate the physical properties of the commercial brand of antacid and Lemongrass Tea such as (a)aroma, (b)texture, and (c)appearance; (2) To compare the neutralizing capability of the commercial brand of antacid and Lemongrass tea through titration and pH measurement.To find out from the two subjects which is faster in neutralizing the stomach acid.1.5 Significance of the Study This study of herbal medicine and traditional medicine by comparing and contrasting Lemongrass and antacid can serve as a paradigm taking into account the majority of the people who use medicine in their everyday lives. The findings of this study are helpful and beneficial for an individual in a community who will use antacid (pharmaceutical medicine) and/or lemongrass (herbal medicine). They will keep in mind the results that have been gathered and collected through this research. Ergo, whenever people will choose what medicine to buy or use, people will have an idea and knowledge which medicine can be more effective and more efficient-pharmaceutical or herbal. The goal of the study is to know which is more effective in treating stomach aches. This study serves as a reference for future researchers.1.6 Scope and DelimitationThis research aimed to successfully conduct a comparative analysis to find out which one is more effective: a leading antacid, which is a pharmaceutical medicine, or Lemongrass tea, a herbal medicine, in treating stomachaches. People who experience other stomach problems like ulcer, diarrhea, etc. cannot be considered as part of the audience. The researchers of this study will conduct an experiment for data collection to discover and ascertain an outcome. The test is limited to getting the physical properties and pH level, and titration using pH meter of the two subjects. This will be conducted in the Technological University of the Philippines-Taguig Campus, Taguig City during the academic year 2017-2018. The result of the research is based on the information that they gathered and used.