“Syrian creating short term costs, but may also

“Syrian Refugees Living in Germany”” A refugee is a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.” (Dictionary.com).  This first thing you think of when the word refuge comes up is Hitler and what happened in Germany in 1945.  To this day Germany is still involved in a refugee crisis, this time with Syria. The Syrian Civil War started in March 15, 2011, it started when, ” when peaceful protesters calling for government reform took to the streets in southern Syria. As the movement spread through the country, it met with strong government crackdowns and increasing violence on both sides. By the following year, Syria was in a Civil War, with the Syrian military opposing a growing number of militant groups. Conflict has torn apart the lives of Syrian children and families as government forces and militant groups fight to take and rule territory.” ( WorldVision.org).  Germany opened its arms to over a million refugees in the summer of 2015 causing attitudes of the Germans to change,  the move won international applause for Chancellor Angela Merkel and seemed to reflect an impressive degree of tolerance among her fellow citizens.The refugee crisis for Germany is creating short term costs, but may also create long-term benefits, with the potential for the refugees to become significant contributors to the economic well-being of Germany, increasing demand for goods and services, creating new jobs, as well as generating new tax revenues. As the result of the Civil War in March of 2011, about 11 million Syrians took off and left Syria. According to the “United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 4.8 million have fled to Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt and Iraq, and 6.6 million are internally displaced within Syria. Meanwhile about one million have requested asylum to Europe. Germany, with more than 300,000 cumulated applications, and Sweden with 100,000, are EU’s top receiving countries.”(syrianrefugees.eu). In 2015, Germany took in 1.1 million refugees in, which was a great challenge  for Germany. According to Peter Wittig, “Asylum procedures have been expedited. This August, Germany adjudicated the applications of 57,000 people, more than three times the number as in August of last year. Hundreds of additional employees were hired to process applications more swiftly” (Wittig).  By the Syrian people coming to Germany it gives them a new opportunity, for employment, health and education. At a donor conference in London in September of 2016,” the international community raised $11 billion in humanitarian aid for Syrian refugees residing in, among other places, Jordan and Lebanon. Germany pledged $2.5 billion at that conference.”(Wittig). The main problem here comes from a economic and political standpoint, this is why Germany is now providing courses for refugees to help them integrate into society, the refugees have to  learn the German language, find employment. At the same time, refusal to join integration courses will lead to cuts in benefits for refugees. While Germany is bringing in all of these Syrian refugees, Germany knows it will cost them a lot of money in the short term but it will help them in the long run. When the refugees arrive they come with barely anything most just come with the clothes that they are wearing so Germany officials need to give them clothes and other personal belongings. According to CW,  “a significant short term cost is associated with the provision of emergency housing needs.  There are also welfare payments, education, and the costs of processing claims. A recent assessment has indicated the total cost for municipalities was approximately €12,000 – €13,000 per refugee per annum, including the direct and indirect costs such as housing, healthcare, and administration” (CW, 2015). With short term sustainability for Germany comes, long term sustainability. In recent research undertaken by the Centre for European Economic Research for The Bertelsmann Foundation “projections were made regarding the existing and potential impact of immigration on the German economy, bringing all these factors together, including the existing low birth rate, and consideration of the labour shortage and skills. It was found that in 2012, the 6.6 million residents in Germany with foreign citizenship made a net contribution of €147.9 billion surplus in taxes, after accounting for welfare transfers” (Bonin, 2014).   Germany had one goal, and that goal was to overthrow the Syrian government of Bashar al- Assad. Before all of this Germany was “Friends of Syria”. The German Foreign Minister, Westerwelle, was the brains in the organisation and formation of the so-called “Friends of Syria”, newly called the “Syria Contact Group”, “the most important aim of which is to overthrow the Syrian government. Since this group has been unable to implement its plan militarily, as had been the case in Libya, it decided to take a bundle of measures aimed at achieving the same goal.”(Current Concerns). This crisis won international applause fo Chancellor Angela Merkel and seemed to reflect an impressive degree of tolerance among her fellow citizens. Last year, Frauke Petry, AfD’s chairwoman, declared Merkel “finished.” A German journalist writing in the Financial Times called the attack a “disaster for the government but … even more so for Ms. Merkel personally.” A former aide to Margaret Thatcher, the conservative British prime minister, predicted that Merkel would be the “biggest loser of 2017.”(The Washington Post). Merkel was a big loser in all this as she did not win the election , although she thanked all those who went to train stations and the refugee camp sites with water bottles and food and clothes.  In interviews with Merkel after the election, ”  Merkel acknowledges that the refugee influx created a strain but admits no wrongdoing. Indeed, she has said in interviews that she would make the same decision again, given the circumstances, while also pledging that such conditions cannot be allowed to repeat themselves.”(The Washington Post). Merkel did not cast Germany’s obligation to refugees displaced by the Syrian war as a way of atoning for Nazi crimes.  People are wondering why Germany is taking in so many refugees especially when European countries say having asylums can ruin their economies, Germany did not think so . Germany believes that bringing in more and more refugees it will help them with all the jobs and allow Germany to get on top of the economic totem poll and especially help them in the future. According to Germany’s  Economy Minister Sigmar Gabriel , “If we manage to quickly train those that come to us and to get them into work, then we will solve one of our biggest problems for the economic future of our country: the skills shortage,”(Businessinsider.com). This is where one of the SDG’s come in “Decent Work and economic growth- employment for all” Germany is giving all of the Syrians that came to them the opportunity to help find them jobs.  According to Gabriel, “In the mid to long-term they can of course help to alleviate the demographic problems in Germany, in particularly if we as a society manage to successfully integrate them into the labor market,”But this is of course a challenge that faces us, there is no sure-fire success”(Businessinsider.com). Another SDG that is demonstrated in the Syrian Refugee Conflict is ” good health and well being.” The Syrian Civil War affected child drastically. The war took away the childhoods of the children affected, it affected their long term and physical health. A lot of the children loss family members due to the violence and those children needed a way to support themselves. Many of the children caught diseases, “Children are susceptible to ailments brought on by poor sanitation, including diarrheal diseases like cholera. They may miss vaccinations and regular health checkups, especially in cut-off areas. In poor housing, cold weather increases the risk of pneumonia and other respiratory infections”(Worldvision.org).  The children had to work many hours of labor for very little pay and it was in dangerous condition some had to go in and fight and help, “Warring parties forcibly recruit children who serve as fighters, human shields, and in support roles,” according to the U.S. State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Report.The next and final SDG that is demonstrated in the Refugee Crisis,  is ” Quality Education” according to WorldVision.org , “At the end of the 2016 school year, only 61 percent of conflict-affected children had access to some form of schooling. More than 760,000 displaced children had missed an entire year or more. In Syria, the war reversed two decades of educational progress. One-third of schools are not in use because they have been damaged, destroyed, or occupied” (Worldvision.org).  Without education children will not be able to learn the everyday basics : reading, writing and math. So this is where Germany came in, the refugees that came to Germany were being schooled and Germany was helping out to better all the children that came over from Syria. When refugees came over from Syria, Germany provided them with better health and good well- being, quality education, and decent work and economic growth. In the previous paragraphs I talked about how the Syrian Civil War caused all the Syrians to lose jobs also family members, the were getting diseases and becoming very ill, and children stopped attending school because they needed to support their families. When the refugees went to Germany they became the heroes because they gave the Syrians jobs, a healthy place to live and good education, while it also helped their economic growth.   Alot has changed over these two years since German Chancellor Angela Merkel decided to have an open door policy for all of the Syrian refugees. Germany is now preparing to send back all of the refugees to Syria. The Syrian war is not over  but a growing number of German policymakers are revoking the asylums and sending everyone back home. According to James Traub, “Many Syrian refugees have received asylum for one year, to be renewed as needed. Some of Germany’s provincial interior ministers would like to shorten the period to six months in order to permit expulsions starting in June. They would start with those accused of crimes in Europe, and then perhaps begin deporting broader groups. Like Afghans, Syrians would be sent to zones deemed safe, or to “de-escalation zones” like Idlib province governed by fragile cease-fire agreements”(Traub).  The Germans do not look like heros anymore since they are sending them back to Syria as the war is still going on.