Initially participants to read (one participant). The participants

Initially
the plan was to obtain the list of households from the sanitation project
offices. However this was not possible. The list was developed with assistance
of a member who has lived in Eskotshi through his childhood life and as an
adult. The list was drawn to ensure that participants were randomly selected
from a list.

Unit
of analysis was individuals residing within households of Eskotshi village in
Maqadini, Bothas Hill.

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Data Collection and Fieldwork

A
questionnaire was developed and typed. The interviews were selected as the best
option to collect data using the data collection tool. The informed consent was
prepared in to use to explain the purpose of the study. The tool was pre-tested
with one individual in the same community. Pre-testing the tool helped to
identify some of the questions that were not very clear, questions where no
exhaustive option were put. An example would a question asking if there is
waste collection service in the area. The answering options were yes and no
only. After pre-testing the tool and option of ” don’t know”. The contents
of the consent form was read out, or given to participants to read (one participant).
The participants signed that they have understood the purpose and other details
contained in the consent form.

The
researcher did her own scribing during the interview. The questions were asked
in the local language (Isizulu) even though the tool was not printed in this
language. This was not a challenge because the researcher is Zulu speaking. She
had designed the whole study including the data collection tool.  Five households were interviewed, all of them
were in Eskotshi village of ward 103 of Ethekwnini municipality. All
interviewed households were randomly selected with an assumption that they are
all aware of the illegal dumping because of their proximity to the site.

Data Capturing, Editing and
Analysis

The
questionnaires were allocated numbers based on random numbers which they
represent. Quality check was done to ensure that all fields had been completed
correctly. Additional notes had been made on the questionnaire where necessary.
The data was captured into the computer manually and tables representing each
variable produced. The format that used was based on quantitative analysis. The
variables were coded into different categories and captured in a table forms Babbie,
(2014:438). The univariate analysis was applied. Each variable was put as a
heading, and all its attributes listed. The responses were then captured to the
table in accordance with value, frequency and percentage. The tables then gave
an idea in terms of what was emerging from the data. To make sense of data,
narration was attached, which was now a form of qualitative analysis of
quantitative data,  Babbie (2014:442).
This data analysis strategies were thought to be appropriate because the
research approach was mixed methods. The resources available and the scope of
the study allowed for capturing and analysis to take the described form. The
link between conceptual framework which was (waste management hierarchy), the
hypothesis statement and what the data revealed was compared.

The
personal observation notes were categorised according to themes that were
emerging. These were frequency of
dumping, frequent offenders and
reasons provided for illegal dumping by
some offenders.  Even though the
study had a hypothesis, the qualitative component employed strategies used in
the ethnographical studies because of
the behaviour culture of dumping in the village.

 

 

 

Challenges

There
are a few challenges encountered in the study. These main challenge was the
difficulty experienced to find municipal officials responsible for environmental
health education or law enforcement. There is a toll number provided on the
website. It is never answered when you call. In at least 6 times that the
researcher called, it was answered once. Even then you are always requested to
leave your numbers so that the relevant person can contact you, and this never
happen. This limited to depth of the study.